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Lockwood-Mathews Mansion
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Lockwood-Mathews Mansion
Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Museum
Elm Park
porch detail
Work Type
Work: 1864-1868
Era: CE
Image Date: 1980
295 West Avenue
Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
Second Empire
Construction began in 1864 just west of the Norwalk River in Norwalk and was completed four years later. The estate, then called "Elm Park," was built by LeGrand Lockwood, who made his fortune in banking and the railroad industry. Designed by European-trained, New York-based architect Detlef Lienau, the mansion "is considered his most significant surviving work," according to the association. Both American and immigrant artisans worked to construct and decorate the house. Prominent New York decorating firms, including Herter Brothers and Leon Marcotte were contracted to furnish the mansion's interiors. Financial reversals in 1869 and Lockwood's death in 1872 resulted in loss of the estate by Lockwood's heirs. In 1874 the family lost the mansion and grounds through foreclosure. Charles D. Mathews, described in his New York Times obituary as "a very wealthy retired New-York provision dealer", and his wife, Rebecca Thompson Mathews, bought the property in 1876. The mansion was a residence and suburban retreat for the Mathews family, with their Thompson and Martin relatives, until the death of Charles's daughter Florence in 1938. In 1941 the estate was sold to the City of Norwalk, which designated it a public park. In the 1950s, the building was threatened with demolition, but local preservationists succeeded in saving it. They formed Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Museum, Inc. to run the site, which was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1971.
ID Number
Photographer: Wilson, Richard Guy
Spatial coordinates
41° 6′ 31.68″ N, 73° 25′ 1.56″ W
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