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Mount Hiei, Shimegatake, Saicho Monument, statue inside, detail
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Item Details
Public
Available to everyone
Title
Mount Hiei, Shimegatake, Saicho Monument, statue inside, detail
Work Type
documentary photographs
Date
20th century
Location
Location: Hiei Mountain; Kyoto; Japan; Asia; Variant: Hieizan, Mount Hiei
Creation/Discovery Site: Asia»Japan»Kyoto»Hiei Mountain
Description
Work Description: MOUNT HIEI: This mountain, the highest on Kyoto's Eastern perimeter, is located exactly to the Northeast of the city. The deities of Shimogamo Shrine are believed to reside on Mount Hiei and an elaborate procession is enacted on the 12th May to bring the deities from the mountain to the shrine. According to the Chinese principles of Feng Shui used in the layout of Heian-kyo, the Northeast, (or kimon) is regarded as the unlucky direction from which all manner of malevolent influences might assail the city. Mount Hiei – and, by extension – the resident deities of Shimogamo are, therefore, protecting Kyoto from these evil forces. SAICHO MONUMENT: The monk Saicho (767–822), also known as Dengyo Daishi was given permission to establish a Buddhist monastery on the mountain by Emperor Kammu. Today Mount Hiei is known as the site of Enryakuji Temple, the head monastery of Saicho’s new Tendai Sect. Although the temple was erected to protect the city of Kyoto, it was located on the Lake Biwa side of the mountain, overlooking Otsu City. Some scholars have surmised that the reason for this odd location (for a temple allegedly protecting Kyoto) was that Saicho had himself been born at Sakamoto in Otsu; the more likely reason is that it was deemed inappropriate to erect a temple on the Kyoto side of the mountain, as a pre-existing deity (that of Shimogamo) was already in residence there. A small monument to Saicho was, however, erected on the Kyoto side of the Mount, significantly at a slightly higher elevation than Masakado’s Rock. This monument still survives in the French Impressionist Garden, even though the rock itself has been concealed.
SC Accession
498135D
SC Order
ord025519
Rights
Image and scholarly information provided by David Boggett. Cataloging provided by Smith College Imaging Center, Department of Art, Hillyer Hall, Northampton, MA 01063; Elisa Lanzi, Director; voice: 413-585-3106; fax: 413-585-3119; elanzi@smith.edu. To use this image for purposes outside of the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use, please contact: David Boggett, davidboggett@Yahoo.co.uk. ©David Boggett. Universal
This image was provided by Smith College; Smith College only; Limited non-commercial, educational, and personal use only.
Image and scholarly information provided by David Boggett. Cataloging provided by Smith College Imaging Center, Department of Art, Hillyer Hall, Northampton, MA 01063; To use this image for purposes outside of the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use, please contact: David Boggett, davidboggett@Yahoo.co.uk. ©David Boggett. Universal
This image has been selected and made available by a user using Artstor's software tools. Artstor has not screened or selected this image or cleared any rights to it and is acting as an online service provider pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §512. Artstor disclaims any liability associated with the use of this image. Should you have any legal objection to the use of this image, please visit http://www.artstor.org/copyright for contact information and instructions on how to proceed.
License
Use of this image is in accordance with the applicable Terms & Conditions
File Properties
File Name
16180484.fpx
SSID
16180484

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