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Mosque of Ibn Tulun, Galleries
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Mosque of Ibn Tulun, Galleries, result 1 of 1

Item Details
Public
Available to everyone
Culture
Islamic
Title
Mosque of Ibn Tulun, Galleries
Work Type
Mosque; photographs
Location
Egypt, Cairo
Material
black and white photography
Measurements
20.1 x 26.3 cm
Description
The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun comprises a vast courtyard (92×92 m) surrounded by wooden-roofed arcades, five aisles deep on the qibla side and two on each of the other sides, the whole enclosed in a walled precinct (Arab. ziyāda; 122×140 m) on three sides. Features such as the precinct, the use of brick, the stucco decoration of the arcades and the helicoidal form of the original minaret that stood in the precinct opposite the mihrab derive from contemporary Abbasid architecture in Iraq, but the basic form of the mosque does not resemble either of the mosques at Samarra', the Abbasid capital. Wooden lintels are carved in the Bevelled style popular in many media at Samarra', and narrow wooden friezes of Koranic inscriptions in kufic script decorated the interior. Most of the stucco window grilles date from the restoration of the mosque in 1296 by the Mamluk ruler Lajin (reg 1297–9), when the domed pavilion in the centre of the court and the present minaret were built. Nevertheless the basic form of the mosque has remained relatively unaltered. The precinct still isolates the prayer-hall from the noise of the surrounding city, and the resulting peace encourages contemplation of the beauty of the architecture. The harmonious proportions and the multiplication of the single arched unit into endless vistas allowed by the vast size of the hypostyle plan result in a building that many deem the aesthetic highpoint of architecture not only in Cairo but in the entire Islamic world.Grove Dictionary of Art
Repository
Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.) Art & Architecture Library
Source
Volume 02: Cairo/Nubia Page 20
Variant Title
Galeries de la Mosquee Touloun
Image Materials/Technique
albumen paper
Inscription
lower left, in white print: No.13. Galeries de la Mosque Touloun, Caire.; lower right, in white print: P. Sebah. P [hot - cut off]
Rights
Permission to use, copy and distribute is hereby granted for non-commercial and education purposes only, following fair use guidelines.
Permission to use, copy and distribute is hereby granted for non-commercial and education purposes only, following fair use guidelines
Permission to use, copy and distribute is hereby granted for non-commercial and education purposes only, following fair use guidelines
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License
Use of this image is in accordance with the applicable Terms & Conditions
File Properties
File Name
1341347.fpx
SSID
1341347

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