Javascript must be enabled to view this site.

Read our system requirements.

Smith-Clarke 'Baby' cabinet respirator, Warwick, England, 1956-1970
1 of 1

Smith-Clarke 'Baby' cabinet respirator, Warwick, England, 1956-1970, result 1 of 1

Item Details
Open Artstor
Available to everyone
Title
Smith-Clarke 'Baby' cabinet respirator, Warwick, England, 1956-1970
Smith-Clarke Baby cabinet respirator, with built-in pump; "Smith-Clarke Baby" cabinet respirator, with built-in pump, made by the Cape Engineering Co. Ltd., Warwick. Full view,
Work Type
Therapeutics
Date
1956-1970
Location
Warwick
Material
glass; metal; plastic
Description
"Smith-Clarke Baby" cabinet respirator, with built-in pump, made by the Cape Engineering Co. Ltd., Warwick, 1956-1970; Devised in 1956 by George Thomas Smith-Clarke (1884-1960), a British engineer, the Smith-Clarke "Baby" cabinet respirator was a type of iron lung. ; ; First developed to treat gas inhalation victims, iron lungs were subsequently used to treat patients whose chest muscles were paralysed from diseases such as polio. Patients were encased in the cabinet. Air at alternating pressures was pumped into the chamber causing the lungs to inflate and deflate so the person could breathe.; ; Designed for use by infants, Smith-Clarke designed the "Baby" breathing machine at the request of a paediatrician. The machine influenced the later development of incubators for infants. Smith-Clarke modelled the "Baby" respirator on an iron lung he had developed for adults in the 1950s, known as the Mark II. Unlike the adult version, the "Baby" version was designed to incorporate the pump and patient chamber in one unit. Smith-Clarke devised a new way of opening and closing both the "Baby" and Mark II versions of the iron lung. Hinged at one end, the machines became known as "alligators", for the way the cabinet mimicked the jaws of the creature. Smith-Clarke models remained popular throughout the 1960s. This example was by made the Cape Engineering Co. Ltd., based in Warwick, England.
Subject
iron lung
ID Number
co139201
Source
Image and original data from Science Museum Group - https://collection.sciencemuseum.org.uk
Rights
The source metadata displayed in the Description field is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. All other source metadata is released under Creative Commons Zero - https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/. The image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/.
File Properties
File Name
large_1990_0394.jpg
SSID
26312788

Now viewing Smith-Clarke 'Baby' cabinet respirator, Warwick, England, 1956-1970