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Berliner gramophone
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Berliner gramophone, result 1 of 1

Item Details
Open Artstor
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Title
Berliner gramophone
Early example of gramophone by Berliner, with ear tubes, horn
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Work Type
Sound Reproduction
Date
1890
Location
Waltershausen
Description
Early example of gramophone by Berliner, with ear tubes, horn, two records and one point stamped 'E. Berliner Grammophon D.R.P. 45048'.
This gramophone consists simply of a turntable rotated by hand and a rather crude form of sound-box, fitted with a cardboard horn. The sound-box is mounted on a swinging arm which is pivoted to the base frame so that it can swing across the record as its stylus follows the grove.
Emile Berliner was a German clerk in a Washington haberdashers. In 1887 he patented a form of recording in which sound waves were photoengraved as a wavy spiral on a zinc disc. He called his machine the Gramophone. Unlike Edison's phonograph cylinders, gramophone discs could be stamped out cheaply; eventually, using wax for recording, they became the basis of the record industry. But the first commercial appearance of Berliner's invention was this toy, made in Germany by Kammerer und Reinhardt of Waltershausen.
This gramophone was made about 1890 and embodies a few improvements on Berliner's orginal model of 1887.
Accession Number
Subject
gramophone
ID Number
co117385
Source
Image and original data from Science Museum Group
Rights
The source metadata displayed in the Description field is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.
All other source metadata is released under Creative Commons Zero.
File Properties
File Name
large_1915_0391__0001_.jpg
SSID
26234125

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