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Zollern II/IV Colliery
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Zollern II/IV Colliery
Coal Sorting and Grading Building
View from the second floor of the coal sorting building
Work Type
collieries; coal mines
Image: April 4, 2019
Grubenweg 5, 44388 Dortmund, Germany
Dortmund, Arnsberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Latitude: 51.519 N
Longitude: 7.333 E
brick, cast iron, stained class, wrought iron
Neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau
Commentary: The Zollern II/IV Colliery was built as “A Castle of Labour” by the Gelsenkirchen Mining Company, i.e. a status symbol meant to exemplify technical progress and the cultural and industrial innovations of modern mining. This model colliery encompasses several building styles and functions. Many of the colliery’s structures are crenellated red brick Neo-Gothic style (primarily designed by architect Paul Knobbe), while the elaborate engine hall (one of the later additions designed by architect Bruno Möhring) follows the contemporary trend of Art Nouveau, or Jugendstil. Directly outside the gates of the colliery lies the Landwehr housing settlement, a worker community designed for the miners and administrators following the principles of Garden City planning. The colliery remained operational until 1966, and in 1969 was declared a monument, though some of the colliery’s structures were demolished in the intervening years. Zollern was the first industrial landscape to be named as a national monument in Germany, and the colliery became part of the Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe (LWL) State Museum of Industrial Heritage in 1981. It has been open as a public museum since 1999, and also functions as a regional cultural center with venues for concerts, exhibitions, festivals, and conferences.
Contributor: Sarah Rovang
Information: Frieder Bluhm, “Von der Musterzeche zum Museum,” European Route of Industrial Heritage, accessed August 12, 2019,; “Discovering history: From a model colliery to a museum,” LWL Zeche Zollern, accessed August 12, 2019,; “Zollern II/IV Colliery LWL Industrial Museum: History,” European Route of Industrial Heritage, accessed August 12, 2019,
Photographer: Sarah Rovang
Historic Designation
Sarah Rovang, 2019
Use of this image is in accordance with the Artstor Terms & Conditions
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