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Crespi d’Adda
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Crespi d’Adda, result 1 of 1

Item Details
Public
Available to everyone
Culture
Italian
Title
Crespi d’Adda
Electric substation
Frontal view of western facade
Exterior
Work Type
industrial towns; cotton mills
Date
1878-1930s
Image: January 28, 2019
Location
24042 Provence of Bergamo
Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy
Latitude: 45.60 N
Longitude: 9.535 E
Material
Majority stone (Adda Ceppo, or conglomerate, particularly) and brick, with earthenware decoration and tiling
Period
Lombardy neo-Gothic
Description
The factory was retrofitted for electricity generated by hydropower in the early 20th century, necessitating the addition of electric infrastructure such as this eclectically ornamented substation.
Commentary: Crespi d’Adda was founded by Cristoforo Benigno Crespi in 1878 as a model factory town. Harnessing the power of the nearby Adda River, Crespi’s factory initially relied on water power, later switching to hydroelectric in the early twentieth-century. Construction on the town continued into the 1930s, and the cotton mill remained functional until the 2003. The town was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. Crespi believed strongly in the communicative and symbolic power of architecture, and he was deeply influenced by existing models of utopian factory town planning, including New Lanark in Scotland, Saltaire in England, and Mulhouse in France. The urban planning of the town mostly follows a grid plan, with structures of particular social or moral importance (such as the church and the school) being architecturally emphasized through ornament and scale. The Main Street that runs through the town lengthwise (parallel to the river; terminating in the cemetery) divides the residential area from the manufacturing district. Residential areas followed current thinking about fresh air, nature, hygiene, and the importance of the nuclear family for industrial workers.
Source
Contributor: Sarah Rovang
Information: “Crespi d’Adda,” UNESCO - World Heritage Convention, accessed May 16, 2019, https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/730; “Crespi d’Adda UNESCO,” accessed May 16, 2019, http://crespidaddaunesco.org/?lang=en, and on-site interpretive signage photographed January 28, 2109.
Photographer: Sarah Rovang
Historic Designation
International
Rights
Sarah Rovang, 2019
License
Use of this image is in accordance with the Artstor Terms & Conditions
File Properties
File Name
0128SKR2019_25.jpeg
SSID
24940808

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