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Wall relief from temple at Kamak
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Wall relief from temple at Kamak
Wall relief from the temple at Kamak, shows a portly male with a paunch and pendulous breasts. It was not unusual for pharaohs and wealthy people to have themselves portrayed with rolls of fat about their abdomen since this indicated prosperity and success. However, the skin folds of mummies such as those of the pharoahs Amenophis III (reigned 1386-1349 BCE, Dynasty XVIII) and Ramesses III (reigned 1182-1151, dynasty XX) showed that they were immensly fat even though their portraits do not depicts them as such. This wall relief is from Karnak, near Luxor which was known in ancient Egypt as Ipet-isut 'the most select of places'. The temples of Karnak were built, enlarged, demolished, re-built and restored for over 2000 years after the Theban kings and the god Amun came to prominence at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 BCE). Karnak was particularly active from the beginning of dynasty XVIII 91570-1293 BCE) when the capital of Egypt was established in Thebes.
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Image and original data from Wellcome Collection
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