Northwestern India, Rajasthan, Bundi or Uniara, 18th century
Todi Ragini, from a Ragamala Series
opaque watercolor with gold on paper
Image: 21.4 x 13 cm (8 7/16 x 5 1/8 in.); Border: 28.7 x 22.3 cm (11 5/16 x 8 3/4 in.)
In the ragamala system, male ragas are married to female raginis. Todi Ragini is a "wife" of Hindola Raga, the name of a scene that features the male lover or lovers on a swing. Both Todi and Hindola are meant to explore the moods of springtime. Ragamala verses describe Todi as a woman with sharp eyes and a slim "extremely tender body, radiant as the frost" and smeared with saffron and camphor from Kashmir. She is said to "push back a deer from the edge of a forest glade."