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Three Horses and Four Grooms
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Item Details
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China, Yuan dynasty (1271-1368)
Three Horses and Four Grooms
Work Type
c. 1320s
handscroll, ink and color on silk
Image: 29.2 x 136.8 cm (11 1/2 x 53 7/8 in.); Roll: 5.1 cm (2 in.)
Ren Renfa's horse images are elegant in appearance and vigorous in spirit. His work attracted not only Chinese scholars but also the Mongols at the imperial court. Inspired by the contemporary scholarly interest in restoring a sense of antiquity in art—an artistic direction led by Zhao Mengfu that exerted a great impact in the Yuan art scene—Ren Renfa, like Zhao Mengfu, modeled his depictions of horses after the Song master Li Gonglin. Another key style component that Ren introduced to this genre was a revival of the Tang classical tradition. The refined color treatment of the horses as seen here was derived from the Tang master Han Gan.
Artist's signature and seal: Yüeh-shan-tao-jen. [seal] Jen Tzu-ming shih.
1 colophon and 16 additional seals: 1 poem, 1 colophon dated 1552 or 1612, and 3 seals of Wang I-ying (16th c.); 2 seals of Liang Ch'ing-piao (1620-1691); 6 seals of the Ch'ien-lun
Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Collection: ASIAN - Handscroll
Department: Chinese Art
Provenance: Gui Shanquan 桂山泉 [1500s]
Liang Qingbiao 梁清標 [1620–1691]
Qing imperial collection (seals of Emperors Qianlong, r. 1736–1795, Jiaqing, r. 1796–1820, and Xuantong, r. 1909–1911), Beijing, China
Yu Xiezhong 余協中 [20th century]
Frank Caro [1904-1980], New York, NY, sold to the Cleveland Museum of Art, 1960
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH, 1960-
Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund
Accession Number
Image and original data from The Cleveland Museum of Art
Use of this image is in accordance with the applicable Terms & Conditions
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