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Lucretia Mott was born on January 3, 1793 in Nantucket, Massachusetts to a whaling ship master and storekeeper. She was a famous Quaker abolitionist who also worked for women's rights. Her family became Quakers in 1804. Educated in Boston and New York she became a schoolteacher before moving to Philadelphia with her husband James Mott. She later became a Quaker minister and because of their abolitionist sympathies her family home became a stop on the Underground Railroad. She was also influential in the founding of a antislavery society for women as well as the American Antislavery Society. In 1840 she attended the World Antislavery Convention in London where she was forced to sit outside because of her gender. However Mott met Elizabeth Cady Stanton at the convention. In 1848 Stanton and Mott organized the first Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York. Mott used her speaking abilities to become one of the leading women's rights activist; her most famous speech, Discourse on Women, given in 1850. Following the Civil War Mott continued to fight for women's rights as well as abolition, demanding education for the newly emancipated slaves. In 1866 she became the first president of the American Equal Rights Association an organization that demanded equal rights for both blacks and women but disbanded in 1869. Mott died in 1880.
Special Collections and College Archives, Musselman Library, Gettysburg College
SubjectMott, Lucretia (1793-1880)
Album of Linda Dietz
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