equipment for personal use: smoking and tobacco use
beads (pierced objects)
Cumberland Island,Camden,Georgia,United States
Stem fragment of a kaolin (white clay) tobacco pipe. These pipes were made with stems from a few inches to a foot or more in length, and tradition has it that the end would be broken off when shared so that the smoker has a fresh bit (or perhaps more likely, the prevalence of broken pipestems simply reflects their fragility). In the context here, these pipestem fragments may have been curated for use as beads. Archaeologists use the bore diameter of collections of pipestems to calculate the age of the collection, but the small collection size and likelihood of curation in a slavery context makes that less useful here.
Robert Ascher and Charles H. Fairbanks, "Excavation of a Slave Cabin: Georgia, U.S.A." Historical Archaeology 5 (1971), pp.3-17.
Prof. Emeritus Robert Ascher, one of the principal excavators
Slave cabin on the Rayfield Plantation, excavated in 1969 in one of the first archaeological studies of slavery in the US.
Georgia Slave Cabin archaeological collection
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