equipment for personal use: smoking and tobacco use
Cumberland Island,Camden,Georgia,United States
Fragmentary bowl and stem of a kaolin (white clay) smoking pipe. Decorated with molded lines following the curve of the bowl, and highly stylized leaf design along the mold-seams at the front and back of the bowl. Heel at the base of the juncture of the bowl and stem. The prominent mold-lines visible at the heel, and the overall lower detail in the decoration, suggest that this was a relatively low-quality pipe. The smoothed and slightly rounded end of the stem suggests that this pipe was used for smoking even with its broken-off, shortened stem, reflecting extreme curation by its user(s).
Robert Ascher and Charles H. Fairbanks, "Excavation of a Slave Cabin: Georgia, U.S.A." Historical Archaeology 5 (1971), pp.3-17.
Period breaks across the bowl and at the stem end (the latter smoothed and rounded)
smoke-smudged at the upper third of the bowl interior, and with black residue at the bottom of the bowl
Prof. Emeritus Robert Ascher, one of the principal excavators
Slave cabin on the Rayfield Plantation, excavated in 1969 in one of the first archaeological studies of slavery in the US.
Georgia Slave Cabin archaeological collection
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